Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Networking UNIX and Windows Machines

Many networked computing environments include both Windows and UNIX System machines. When you work in such an environment, there are many reasons for using the two systems together. You will probably want to transfer or share files between one system and the other, and you may also want to log in to a UNIX System computer from your Windows PC. We will discuss some of these concepts in the next sections. A number of networking capabilities are available that help you to link Windows PCs and UNIX System computers. In fact, one of the most popular-TCP/IP-is the network technology that has made the Internet flourish, since it is the backbone of the Internet.

In addition to the following brief discussion, this concept is further discussed in detail in Chapters 15 and 10.

You can provide TCP/IP services on your Windows PC so that it can carry out networking tasks with other computers running TCP/IP software, including computers running UNIX. These can be connected to the PC by an Ethernet LAN. You can even set up a simple SLIP (Serial Line Internet Protocol) or PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) connection for basic Internet access.

In order to use TCP/IP, a Windows user must define the protocol to the system via the Control Panel. The Networks setting allows you to add the TCP/IP service for dial-up networks as well as directly connected ones, as in a LAN.

Providing your Windows PC with TCP/IP capabilities allows you to use Internet services and applications. You can also exchange electronic mail with other computers running TCP/IP software, including using SMTP (the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). You can log in to another TCP/IP system using the telnet command. You can transfer files to and from other TCP/IP systems using the ftp or tftp command.

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